
Otto, A. and K.
Schindler, An energy principle for twodimensional
collisionless relativistic plasmas, Plasma Physics, 26,
1525, 1984.
Schindler, K., M.
Hesse, M. Kiessling, and A. Otto, On magnetic reconnection and
its consequences in magnetospheric tails, in Proceedings of
the International Conference of Plasma Physics
(Kiev/Ukraine, April 6  12 1987), ed. by A. G. Sitenko, p.
772, World Scientific Publ. Co., Singapore 1987.
Otto, A., Three
dimensional computations of the dynamics of the magnetopause:
First results, in Cosmic Plasma Physics, ed. R. Treumann
and A. Otto, p. 2629, MaxPlanckInst. fuer Physik und
Astrophysik, Garching, Germany, 1988.
Otto, A., The role
of magnetic reconnection in magnetotail plasmoid dynamics, in
Reconnection in Space Plasma, ed. T. D. Guyenne and J.
J. Hunt, p. 223, ESA SP285 (Vol. II), Noordwijk, Netherlands,
1989.
Otto, A., 3d
resistive MHD computations of magnetospheric physics, Computer
Physics Communication, 59, 185, 1990.
Otto, A.,
Threedimensional magnetic reconnection at the Earth's
magnetopause, in Plasma Astrophysics, ed. T. D. Guyenne
and J. J. Hunt, p. 57, ESA SP311, Noordwijk, 1990.
Otto, A., K.
Schindler, and J. Birn, Quantitative study on the nonlinear
formation and acceleration of plasmoids in the earth's
magnetotail, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 15023, 1990.
Otto, A., M.
Hesse, and K. Schindler, General magnetic reconnection in 3d
systems, in Topological Fluid Mechanics, ed. by H. K.
Moffatt and A. Tsinober, p.225, Cambridge University Press,
1990.
Schindler, K., and
A. Otto, Resistive instability, in Physics of Magnetic Flux
Ropes, ed. by C.T. Russell, E.R. Priest, and L.C. Lee, p.
51, Geophys. Mon. Ser. 58, AGU, Washington D.C., 1990.
Otto, A.,
Threedimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations of processes
at the earth's magnetopause, Geophysical and Astrophysical
Fluid Dynamics, 62, 69, 1991.
Otto, A., The
resistive tearing instability for generalized resistivity
models: Theory, Phys. Fluids B, 3, 1739, 1991.
Otto, A. and U.
Arendt, Numerical simulation of flux transfer events at the
magnetopause: electron dynamics, Advances in Space Research,
11, No. 9, 129, 1991.
Birk, G.T., and A.
Otto, The resistive tearing instability for generalized
resistivity models: Applications, Phys. Fluids B, 3,
1746, 1991.
Scholer, M., and
A. Otto, Magnetotail reconnection: current diversion and
fieldaligned currents, Geophys. Res Let., 18, 733,
1991.
Scholer, M., A.
Otto, and G.J. Gadbois, Threedimensional numerical simulations
of magnetotail reconnection, in Magnetic Substorms, ed.
by T. Iijima, J. Kan and T. Potemra, p. 171, Geophys. Mon.
Ser., 64, AGU, Washington D.C. 1991.
Otto, A.,
Threedimensional MHDcomputations of magnetic reconnection, in
Plasma Theoretical Problems in Astro and Fusion Physics,
ed. by H. K. Biernat, S. J. Bauer and M. Heindler, p. 125,
Austrian Academy of Sciences 1992.
Otto, A. and G.T.
Birk, The dynamical evolution of smallscale auroral arc
phenomena due to a resistive instability, J. Geophys. Res.,
97, 8391, 1992.
Otto, A. and G.T.
Birk, Resistive instability of periodic current sheets, Phys.
Fluids, B, 4, 3811, 1992.
Otto, A.,
Simulation of dynamic processes at the dayside magnetopause, in
The Solar Wind  Magnetosphere System, p. 179, ed. by H.
K. Biernat, S. J. Bauer and M. Heindler, Austrian Academy of
Sciences, 1993.
Otto, A. and G.T.
Birk, Formation of thin auroral arcs by current striation,
Geophys. Res Let., 20, 2833, 1993.
Otto A., H.
Ziegler, and G.T. Birk, Plasma and magnetic field signatures
generated by threedimensional MHD simulations, in
SpatioTemporal Analysis for Resolving Plasma Turbulence
(START), p. 337, ESA WPP47, European Space Agency, 1993.
Birk, G.T., A.
Otto, and H. Ziegler, A 3D threefluid code to study the
magnetosphereionospherethermosphere system, in
SpatioTemporal Analysis for Resolving Plasma Turbulence
(START), p. 357, ESA WPP47, European Space Agency, 1993.
Buechner, J. and
A. Otto, Consequences of chaotic particle motion for the
stability of space plasma current sheets, in Plasma Physics
and Controlled Nuclear Fusion, ESA, p. 105, 1993.
Lee, L.C., Z.W.
Ma, Z.F. Fu, and A. Otto, Topology of magnetic flux ropes and
formation of fossil flux transfer events and boundary layer
plasmas, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 3943, 1993.
Ma, Z.W., L.C.
Lee, Y. Shi, and A. Otto, B_y enhancements in magnetospheric
current sheets and magnetic flux tubes, Physics of Space
Plasmas (1992), SPI Conference Proceedings and Reprint Series,
Vol. 12, p. 575, T. Chang, G. B. Crew, and J. P. Jasperse,
eds., Scientific Publishers Inc., Cambridge, MA, 1994.
Ma, Z.W., A. Otto,
and L.C. Lee, Core Magnetic field enhancement in SXR, MXR, and
Patchy Reconnection Processes, J. Geophys. Res., 99,
6125, 1994.  PDF file
La BelleHamer,
A.L., A. Otto, and L.C. Lee, Magnetic reconnection in the
presence of sheared plasma flow: Intermediate shock formation,
Physics of Plasmas, 1, 706, 1994.
Yan, M., A. Otto,
D. Muzzel, and L.C. Lee, Tearing mode instability in a multiple
current sheet system, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 8657, 1994.
 PDF file
Otto, A. and G.T.
Birk, Formation of thin discrete auroral arcs, Substorms 2,
Proceedings of the Second International Conference on
Substorms, ed. by J.R. Kan, J.D. Craven, and S.I. Akasofu, p.
127, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1994.
Lee, L.C., L.
Zhang, M. Yan, H.J. Cai, G.S. Choe, A. Otto, and S.I. Akasofu,
Formation of a very thin current sheet during substorm growth
phase and plasma sheet dynamics in the recovery phase,
Substorms 2, Proceedings of the Second International
Conference on Substorms, ed. by J.R. Kan, J.D. Craven, and
S.I. Akasofu, p. 143, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1994.
Voge, A., K.
Schindler, and A. Otto, Nonlinear currentsheet formation in
ideal plasmas, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 21241, 1994.
Otto, A., Magnetic
reconnection at the magnetopause, A fundumental process and
manifold properties, IUGG report Reviews of Geophysics,
Supplement, ed. G. Siscoe, 657, 1995.
Otto, A.,
Properties of pressure pulses and magnetic reconnection at the
dayside magnetopause, in Physics of the Magnetopause,
ed. By B.U.O. Sonnerup and P. Song, Geophys. Mon. Ser., AGU,
Washington D.C., p. 303, 1995.
Otto, A., Forced
threedimensional magnetic reconnection due to linkage of
magnetic flux tubes, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 11863,
1995. PDF file
Otto, A., L.C.
Lee, and Z.W. Ma, Plasma and magnetic field properties
associated with pressure pulses and magnetic reconnection at
the dayside magnetopause, J. Geophys. Res, 100, 14895,
1995. PDF file
Buechner, J. and
A. Otto, The influence of chaotic particle motion on large
scale magnetotail instability, in Micro and Mesoscale
Phenomena in Space Plasmas, ed. M. AshourAbdalla, T.
Chang, and R. Lysak, Geophys. Mon. Ser., AGU, Washington D.C.,
p. 197, 1995.
Dreher, J., G.T.
Birk, K. Schindler, and A. Otto, The role of magnetic
reconnection in Venus ionopause activity, J. Geophys. Res.,
100, 14833, 1995.  PDF file
La BelleHamer,
A.L., A. Otto, and L.C. Lee, Effects of sheared plasma flow on
magnetic reconnection, in Physics of Space Plasmas (1993),
SPI Conference Proceedings and Reprint Series, Vol. 12, T.
Chang, G. B. Crew, and J. P. Jasperse, eds., Scientific
Publishers Inc., Cambridge, MA, 1995.
La BelleHamer,
A.L., A. Otto, and L.C. Lee, Magnetic reconnection in the
presence of sheared flow and density asymmetry: Applications to
the Earth's magnetopause, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 11875,
1995.  PDF file
Ma, Z.W., L.C.
Lee, and A. Otto, Generation of fieldaligned currents and
Alfven waves by magnetic reconnection, Geophys. Res Lett.,
22, 1737, 1995.  PDF file
Olmsted, C., D.
Covey, and A. Otto, Boundary conditions and domain
decomposition for a three dimensional finite difference code on
a Cray T3D, Proceedings of the Seventh SIAM Conference on
Parallel Processing for Scientific Computing 1517, February
1995, San Fancisco, California, 1995.
Wiechen, H., J.
Buechner, and A. Otto, Reconnection in a dipole dominated
magnetosphere  a twodimensional model, J. Geophys. Res.,
100, 19259, 1995.  PDF file
Yan, M., A. Otto,
and L.C. Lee, Interaction between interplanetary current sheets
and the magnetopause, in Physics of Space Plasmas (1993),
SPI Conference Proceedings and Reprint Series, Vol. 12, T.
Chang, G. B. Crew, and J. P. Jasperse, eds., Scientific
Publishers Inc., Cambridge, MA, 1995.
Otto, A., Mapping
of magnetospheric boundaries, Advances in Space Research,
Vol. 18, No. 8, 187196, 1996.
Birk, G.T. and A.
Otto, A threedimensional plasmaneutral gas  fluid code,
Comput. Phys. Commun., 125, 513, 1995.
Wiechen, H., J.
Buechner, and A. Otto, Nonlinear instabilities in the
nearEarth plasma sheet  a twodimensional model with and
without nearEarth field line flaring, J. Geomagn.
Geoelectr., 48, no. 5,6, p. 845, 1996.
Wiechen, H., J.
Buechner, and A. Otto, Reconnection in the nearearth plasma
sheet  a threedimensional model, J. Geophys. Res., 101,
24,911, 1996.  PDF file
Birk, G.T. and A.
Otto, Consequences of a resistive instability in the upper
auroral ionosphere, J. Atm. Sol. Terr Phys., Vol. 59,
No. 7, p. 835, 1997.
Birk, G.T. and A.
Otto, Reconnection in multiple current sheet configurations in
the solar corona, Adv. Space Res., 19, 1879, 1997.
Birk, G.T. and A.
Otto, On the role of macroscopic resistive instabilities in the
auroral ionospherethermosphere system, Adv. Space Res., 20,
1301, 1997.
Birk, G.T., C.
Konz, and A. Otto, Tearing instabilities in multiple current
sheets for currentdependent resistivity models, Phys.
Plasmas, 4, 4173, 1997
Chen, Q., A. Otto,
and L.C. Lee, Tearing instability, KelvinHelmholtz
instability, and magnetic reconnection, J. Geophys. Res.,
102, 151, 1997.  PDF file
Lanchester, B.S.,
M.H. Rees, D. Lummerzheim, A. Otto, H.U. Frey, K.U. Kaila,
Evidence for large fluxes of auroral electrons in narrow (100
m) filaments caused by transient parallel electric fields, J.
Geophys. Res., 102, 9741, 1997.  PDF
file
StenbaekNielsen,
H.C., and A. Otto, Conjugate aurora and the interplanetary
magnetic field., J. Geophys. Res., 102, 2223, 1997. 
PDF file
Wiechen, H., J.
Buechner, and A. Otto, Driven Reconnection in the NearEarth
Plasma Sheet, Adv. Space Res., 19, 1939, 1997.
Otto, A.,
Properties of twoand threedimensional magnetic reconnection,
Physica Scripta, Vol. T74, 1997.
Buechner, J., H.
Wiechen, B. Nikutowski, U. Auster, K.H. Fornacon, J.
Rustenbach, S. Klimov, S. Romanov, S. Savin, and A. Otto,
INTERBALL1 plasma sheet encounters and 3dimensional MHD
modeling results, Adv. Space Res., 22, 155, 1998.
Kopp, A., Birk,
G.T., and A. Otto, On the formation of Ioinduced acceleration
regions related to Jovian aurora, Planet. Space Sci., Vol.
46, 405, 1998.
Kopp, A., Birk,
G.T., and A. Otto, On the formation of Iorelated Jovian
discrete aurora, Adv. Space Res., Vol. 21, 1469, 1998.
Lee, L.C., L.
Zhang, L., A. Otto, G. Choe, and H.J. Cai, Entropy
antidiffusion instability and formation of a thin current
sheet, Geophys. Res., 103, 29,419, 1998.  PDF
file
Birk, G., H.
Wiechen, and A. Otto, Magnetic field amplification in m82 winds
caused by Kelvin Helmholtz modes, Astrophys. J., 518,
177, 1999.
Otto, A.,
Threedimensional magnetic reconnection in astrophysical plasma
systems  MHD approach, in Plasma Astrophysics and Space
Physics, p. 17, ed. by J. Buechner, Sir I. Axford, E.
Marsch, and V. Vasyliunas, VII International Plasma
Astrophysics and Space Physics Conference, Kluwer Academic
Pubishers, 1999.
Schopper, R. and
A. Otto, Reconnection in multiple current sheets, AG Meeting
Abstracts, Vol. 15, 17, 1999.
Otto, A. and D.H.
Fairfield, KelvinHelmholtz instability at the magnetotail
boundary: MHD simulation and comparison with Geotail
observations, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 21175, 2000.  PDF
file
Fairfield, D.H.,
R.P. Lepping, A. Otto, T. Mukai, T. Yamamoto, S. Kokubun, J.T.
Steinberg, A.J. Lazarus, Geotail observations of the Kelvin
Helmholtz instability at the eqatorial magnetotail boundary for
parallel northward fields, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 21159,
2000.  PDF file
Delamere, P.A.,
D.W. Swift, H.C. StenbaekNielsen, and A. Otto, Momentum
transfer in the combined release and radiation effects
satellite plasma injection experiments: the role of the
parallel electric field, Plasma Phys., 3771, 2000.
Otto, A., Geospace
Environment Modeling (GEM) magnetic reconnection challenge: MHD
and Hall MHD  constant and current dependent resistivity
models, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 3751, 2001.  PDF
file
Otto, A. and H.
Zhu, Fluid Plasma Simulation of Coupled Systems: Ionosphere and
Magnetosphere, Space Plasma Simulation, Proc.
International School for Space Simulation, pp. 96, ed., J.
Buechner, C. T. Dum, M. Scholer, Garching, Germany, Copernicus
Gesellschaft, Germany, 2001.
Birn, J., J.F.
Drake, M.A. Shay, B.N. Rogers, R.E., Denton, M.Hesse, M.
Kuznetsova, Z.W.Ma, A. Bhattacharjee, A. Otto, P. L. Pritchett,
GEM magnetic reconnection challenge, J. Geophys. Res., 106,
3715, 2001.  PDF file
Bristow, W.A.,
Otto, A., and D. Lummerzheim, Substorm convection patterns
observed by the Super Dual Auroral Radar Network, J.
Geophys. Res., 106, 24593, 2001.  PDF
file
Lanchester, B.S.,
D. Lummerzheim, A. Otto, M.H. Rees, K.J.F.
SedgemoreSchulthess, H. Zhu, and I.W. McCrea, Ohmic heating as
evidence for strong fieldaligned currents in filamentary
aurora, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 1785, 2001.  PDF
file
Nykyri, K. and A.
Otto, Plasma Transport at the Magnetospheric Boundary due to
Reconnection in KelvinHelmholtz Vortices, Geophys. Res.
Lett., 28, 3565, 2001.  PDF
file
Zhu, H., A. Otto,
M.H. Rees, B. S. Lanchester, D. Lummerzheim,
Ionospheremagnetosphere simulation of small scale structure
and dynamics, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 1795, 2001.  PDF
file
Otto A. and K.
Nykyri, KelvinHelmholtz instability and magnetic reconnection:
Mass transport at the LLBL, in press Geophys. Monograph,
Proc., Conf. on the Low Latitude Boundary Layer, New Orleans,
2002.
Otto, A. and H.
Zhu, Fluid plasma simulation of coupled systems: Ionosphere and
magnetosphere, in press, Lecture notes of invited
presentations, International School for Space Simulation 6,
Garching, Germany, Copernicus Gesellschaft, Germany, 2002.
Buechner, J., P.
Daly, B. Nikutowski, B. Wilken, A. Otto, and T.Ogino, Plasma
simulation for Cluster II, tested with Interball, Geotail, and
Equator S, submitted to, Adv. Space Res., 2000.
Nikutowski, B., J.
Buechner, A. Otto, L.M. Kistler, A. Korth, C. Moukis, G.
Haerendel, and W. Baumjohann, Equator S observations of
reconnection coupled to surface waves, submitted to Adv.
Space Res., 2000.
Nykyri, K., A.
Otto, J. B\" uchner, B. Nikutowski, W. Baumjohann, L. M.
Kistler, and C. Mouikis, EquatorS observations of boundary
signatures: FTE's or KelvinHelmholtz waves?, in press Geophys.
Monograph, Proc., Conf. on Low Latitude Boundary Layer, New
Orleans, 2002.

